Are you tired of facing the problem “Error Establishing a Database Connection in WordPress”? It is one of the fatal errors that stop people from accessing your website.
It can be very much troublesome for beginners to troubleshoot this common error. Besides, if you do anything wrong, your database can be lost along with the database. So, What is the solution to this problem?
Well, to solve this problem, stop panicking. Stick to the post till the very last, and then you will be able to solve this problem all by yourself.
Let’s start, then.
What Can Cause An Error Establishing A Database Connection In WordPress?
This is one of the most popular problems that can happen due to wrong data in your settings. It can be anything, including a corrupt database, an unresponsive server, or any other reason.
A Database is like a storehouse where all the data are kept and anyone can retrieve data at any time.
WordPress uses a database to store its data and all the necessary contents that the user saves. WordPress connects to the database every time a user visits your website.
Every time WordPress uses the following data for connecting to the database:
- Database name
- Database username
- Database password
- Database server
All of this information is saved in the wp-config.php file, it is also known as the configuration file of WordPress. If all of this or any of this information are wrong then WordPress will fail to connect to your database server. It will show the error message ‘Error establishing a database connection’ on your screen.
Fix The Error Establishing a Database Connection in WordPress
To fix this problem, you should take these measurements one by one. One of the following should fix your problem.
1. Check Your WordPress Database Credentials.
Having the wrong database credentials is the most common reason for database connection errors. All your credentials are saved in the wp-config.php file. In this file, the important configuration is saved, including database information.
When you see the error, open the wp-config.php file and search for the following lines
// ** MySQL settings - You can get this info from your web host ** //
/** The name of the database for WordPress */
define( 'DB_NAME', 'database_name_here' );
/** MySQL database username */
define( 'DB_USER', 'username_here' );
/** MySQL database password */
define( 'DB_PASSWORD', 'password_here' );
/** MySQL hostname */
define( 'DB_HOST', 'localhost' );
Now, make sure your username, password, database host, and database name are correct. You can check and confirm this from your hosting dashboard
Navigate to your hosting dashboard and then click on MySQL databases. The database management page will be opened, and from there, you will find out the username and database name.
Then, you have to look for the database users and links to change their passwords.
When you have found the username, database name, and password, you can change the required information in the wp-config.php file. After that check your website if the error is solved.
2. Check For Your Database Host Information
After making sure that your username, Database name, and password is correct then you may review the database host information.
A lot of hosting companies use localhost as database hosts. However, some companies may use separate servers to host databases. So contact your hosting company and confirm your database host information.
3. Repair Your WordPress Database
If you are having a different error, like ‘one or more database tables are unavailable, then your database might need to be repaired.
All you have to do is add a simple line in your wp-config.php file. Open the wp-config.php file and add the following line.
Then, enter the following link, and you will see the repair option. Don’t forget to replace the link with your website link.
After you are done repairing, remove this code and save the wp-config.php file.
4. Check For If The Database Server is Down
If everything seems fine, then your MySQL or database server might be down. This might happen to heavy traffic on your server, especially when you are using any shared hosting server.
For this reason, some users may get errors, and your site might get slow. So the best way is to make a phone call or knock on the support of your hosting provider and ask if your Database server is responsive. If there is any problem, ask them to fix it.
The above reasons are the most common ones for the problem “Error establishing a Database Connection in WordPress’. There might be other reasons for arising this problem, but those are very rare. First, try to apply the above solutions. If the problem is still not fixed, call a developer to fix the problem.
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